Calculating GST Payment Due – Electronic Liability Register
Updated: Aug 20, 2021
The GST platform in India uses a system of three ledgers, namely Electronic Liability Register, Electronic Credit Ledger, and Electronic Cash Ledger. These ledgers provide support to manage the GST liability, credit, payment due, deposits, interest, penalty, and late fee, or any other debit/credit amount of each of the taxpayers. The electronic liability register maintained in FORM GST PMT-01 provides support to manage the GST payment due, interest, penalty, late fee as well as any other amount of a taxpayer. In this article, let us look at the procedure for calculating GST payment due to the Common Portal.
Electronic Liability Register
The taxpayer shall access the electronic liability register or GST PMT-01 through the GST Common Portal for any reference. The electronic liability register accounts for:
The amount payable towards tax, interest, late fee, or any other amount payable as per the return furnished by the taxpayer;
The amount related to tax, interest, penalty, or any other amount payable as determined by a proper officer in pursuance of any proceedings under the Act or as ascertained by the taxpayer;
Amount of tax and interest payable as a result of mismatch under section 42 or section 43 or section 50; or
Amount of interest that may accrue from time to time.
The liability of a registered person as per his return is recorded by debiting the electronic credit ledger or the electronic cash ledger and the electronic liability register is credited accordingly.
The electronic cash ledger pays any amount deducted under section 51, or the amount collected under section 52, or the amount payable on a reverse charge basis, or the amount payable under section 10 any amount payable towards interest, penalty, fee, or any other amount under the Act. Therefore the electronic liability registers credits accordingly.
For any amount of demand debited in the electronic liability, the register reduces to the extent of relief given by the appellate authority or Appellate Tribunal or court, and the electronic tax liability register would be credited accordingly. In case of an amount of penalty imposed or liable to be imposed would stand reduced partly or fully, as the case may be if the taxpayer makes the payment of tax, interest, and penalty specified in the show cause notice or demand order and the electronic liability register would be credited accordingly.
Calculating GST Payment Due
The GST payment due in any month can be readily viewed on the GST Common Platform dashboard after filing of GSTR-3, the GST Monthly Return. GSTR-3 or Monthly Return is due on the 20th of each month. Prior to filing GSTR-3, the taxpayer must have filed GSTR-1 and GSTR-2 on the 10th and 15th of each month, respectively.
Step 1: Access the GST Monthly Return or GSTR-3 Summary Page
Step 2: The GSTR-3 Outward Supplies summary page displays all the outward supplies
Step 3: The total tax credit or details or inward supplies can be viewed by accessing the GSTR-3 Inward Supplies Summary
Step 4: View the total GST tax payment due