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  • Writer's picturealkapranjal


Updated: Oct 18, 2022











  1. The Tribunal (National Company Law Tribunal- NCLT[1] is a quasi-judicial[2] body that is authorized to deal with the corporate disputes which are civil and arising under the Companies Act) shall be divided into such number of Benches as the Central Government may specify by notification[3].

  2. The Principal Bench of the NCLT will be located in New Delhi and will be presided over by the President of the NCLT.

  3. The NCLT’s power is exercised by Benches consisting of two members, one of whom is a Judicial Member and the other a Technical Member.

Provided, however, that the Members of the NCLT thus authorized shall be competent to act as a single Judicial Member and execute the NCLT's powers in respect of such class of cases or matters relevant to such class of cases as the President may define by general or special order:

Provided, further, that if a Member believes, at any time during the hearing of any such case or matter, that the case or matter is of such a nature that a Bench should hear of two Members, the case or matter may be transferred by the President, or referred to him for transfer, to such Bench as the President may deem fit.

  1. [4]By notification, the Central Government shall create as many NCLT benches as it deems necessary to execute the Adjudicating Authority's jurisdiction, powers, and authority conferred on such NCLT by or under Part II[5] of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.

  2. Suppose the Members of a Bench disagree on any point or points. In that case, the case shall be referred to the President for hearing on such point or points by one or more other members of the NCLT, and such point or points shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority of Members who have expressed an opinion.

What is National Company Law Tribunal?

It is a quasi-judicial body that is authorized to deal with the corporate disputes which are civil and arising under the Companies Act

.The current President of NCLT is Chief Justice (Retd.) Ramalingam Sudhakar[6].


  • The Tribunal will handle all Companies Act actions, including arbitration, agreements, compromises, reconstruction, and corporate wound-up.

  • Not a single civil court will have jurisdiction over the before-mentioned matters.

  • The cases which are pending before the (BIFR) Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction[7], as well as those pending under the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985, might be heard by the NCLT.

  • Also, matters pending before the Appellate Authority for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction will be taken up.

  • It can also take on matters involving corporate oppression and mismanagement.

Benches of National Law Tribunal[8]-



Principle Bench i.e., New Delhi

New Delhi

Ahmedabad Bench

Gujarat Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu

Allahabad Bench

Uttar Pradesh


Amaravati Bench

Andhra Pradesh

Bengaluru Bench.


Chandigarh Bench

Himachal Pradesh

Jammu and Kashmir




Chennai Bench

Tamil Nadu


Cuttack Bench



Guwahati Bench

Arunachal Pradesh








Telangana Bench


Indore Bench

Madhya Pradesh

Jaipur Bench


Kochi Bench



Kolkata Bench



West Bengal

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Mumbai Bench



[1] Indian Kanoon (Section 408) - [2] A quasi-judicial body is “an organ of Government other than a Court or Legislature, which affects the rights of private parties either through adjudication or rulemaking.” [3] Notification means a notification published in the Official Gazette, and the expression “notify” shall be construed accordingly [4] Eleventh Schedule of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code- [5] The Gazette Of India [6] About Honorable President- [7] Its purpose was to Shut Down, Recover, Reshape, or liquidate the sick companies, the companies which are not performing well. [8] National Company Law Tribunal-

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